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SOUL & STRUCTURE OF GOVERNANCE – PART 3

SOUL & STRUCTURE OF GOVERNANCE – PART 3

The Indian Civil Services : It was the control mechanism of the Indian Civil Service and the key positions that its members held at all important levels of governance machinery – central, provincial and district – that earned for it its reputation of being a steel frame. Of the total strength of the Indian bureaucracy,??Read More »

SOUL & STRUCTURE OF GOVERNANCE – PART 2

SOUL & STRUCTURE OF GOVERNANCE – PART 2

Basic Contours of Governance in Ancient India : “There was at first neither sovereignty nor sovereign, neither punishment nor punisher. At that time the people used to govern themselves by means of justice or righteousness (dharma). The ruler was not to be an ordinary mortal. He was to be a person of high moral and??Read More »

SOUL & STRUCTURE OF GOVERNANCE – PART 1

SOUL & STRUCTURE OF GOVERNANCE – PART 1

A Grave National Omission : I have seen public administration from different pedestals and from different angles. I have experienced its different strands, traversed many of its uncharted paths and passed through quite a few of its cold deserts and its pastures green. I have tried all the tools and techniques of modern administration, experimented??Read More »

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jagmohan

Jagmohan


Jagmohan was born on September 25, 1927, in the railway colony of Cheecho Ki Malian (West Pakistan), known by the mononym Jagmohan.

About Jagmohan’s governorship 1984 - 1989

In the early 1980’s there were a series of subversion related incidents abetted by pro Pakistan elements which caused grave concern to Union Government of India . The security situation for common person in the valley was grim due to threats by militant organizations who were freely indulging in kidnapping & extortions from citizens of J&K. Under these explosive circumstances Jagmohan was appointed Governor of Jammu & kashmir on April 26, 1984. He successfully tackled the manifold challenges and created conditions for a largely peaceful ambience in his tenure from 1984 to 1989. The local masses liked him for his no-nonsense approach. It is often said that during his governor’s rule - people of the valley had their first glimpse of a benevolent , humane and honest local administration . He was the first head of Indian state to start the initiative of open darbars where the poorest of Kashmiri people could have their problems solved on an urgent basis.

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He paid special attention to building of schools because he felt that education is best long term investment for ensuring inclusive growth to the poor. He invested a lot of energy in opening primary health centres across Kashmir and Ladakh because this was an urgent requirement need of the people. Restoration of iconic cultural centres like Moghoul time gardens , mosques & tombs was undertaken on a massive scale during Jagmohan’s governorship. He revamped field oriented administrative machinery and paid special emphasis on creation of widespread facilities for drinking water and drainage in various villages , towns & cities of J& K. He made personal visits to far flung areas of Kashmir & Ladakh to boost the morale of local administration officers, police and army personnel. When Jagmohan demitted office after 5 years – a number of press articles wrote about the good governance foot prints he had left behind.

About Jagmohan’s second governorship January 1990 - June 1990

Jagmohan’s second tenure as Governor in first half of 1990 , was associated with some of the most crucial events of the contemporary period. In the six month prior to his appointment on 19th Januray 1990 , there were 319 violent incidents in the valley including 21 armed attacks , 114 bomb blasts , 112 arsons and 72 incidents of mob violence . To demonstrate to the world that militants had full control of the valley , they abducted Dr Rubaiya Sayeed , daughter of Union Home Minister and released her only when the government capitulated and released 5 dreaded terrorist . Under a sinister plan to throw out ‘ infidels ‘ – kashmiri pandits were specially targeted .Prominent members of community were picked up one by one . Tikka lal Taploo , politician was shot dead on September 14th 1989, Judge N.K. Ganjoo on November 4th 1989 and journalist P.N. Bhatt on December 28th .National dailies like Times of India , Hindustan Times reported that Kashmir had very nearly been lost to the nation. It was at this time that the newly elected Prime Minister V.P.Singh called Jagmohan to rush to the valley as Governor on 19 January 1990 . The scenario that he witnessed in winter of 1990 deeply dismayed him. The state was totally under the grip of pro – Pakistan and Pro Azadi elements . Jagmohan swiftly acted against the terror outfits and frustrated their design to raise the flag of ‘ Islamic Republic of Kashmir ‘ . The Union Home Minster said in Parliament “ Jagmohan had to fuction in a vaccum . He braved terrorists and instilled courage in government officials who had almost given up the situation as a lost case” .As Jagmohan battled and put the state back on track, political compulsions and anxiousness to retain a particular vote bank led to prime minister V.P. Singh to recall Jagmohan . A wave of false propoganga was unleashed by separatists against Jagmohan’s determined action in Kashmir . Jagmohan has recounted the inside story surrounding these critical events in his book My Frozen Turbulence.

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